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Manly Warringah Pest Control

Rodents

RatThe three major pest species of rodents are the Norway rat, the roof rat, and the house mouse. Rodents get their name from the Latin word RODERE which means TO GNAW. Rodents must gnaw their teeth throughout their, on average, year long life as their front incisor teeth never stop growing. Since early times, rodents have been responsible for the loss and contamination of food from the crop stage through to the storage of processed food in both domestic and commercial premises. Rodents have been associated with the transmission of disease organisms, the most notable being the occurrence of Bubonic Plague in Europe, causing the loss of 25 million lives. Rats have also been known to start many house fires due to their gnawing of electrical wires.
     
Rodents generally live outdoors in the warmer months however as the weather starts to cool down, they move indoors looking for both shelter and food, however, in commercial premises rodents can be a problem all year round, and in certain instances, mice can attain plague proportions in rural areas.

MouseRodents construct their nests utilising soft materials, such as shredded paper or fabrics, close to areas where they scavenge for food and water. These nests are usually situated in wall cavities, roof voids or underfloor areas, and in the case of Norway Rats, in burrows in garbage tips, and other similar sites. The adult female is capable of giving birth to 4-6 litters per year, each letter continuing between 5-10 young, which themselves are capable of reproduction three months after birth. Within a period of a year the mating of a single pair of rodents can result in a rodent population of 400-700.

Rodents actively forage for food at night using the same routes of movement to and from the food sources. Their diet includes food material of both animal and plant origin and apart from mice, access to water is necessary. Mice can obtain water from food providing the food is sufficiently moist. One dominant mouse can urinate up to 3000 times in one day.
    
Apart from their eyesight, all their senses are extraordinary. Smell, Taste, Hearing and Touch are all highly advanced. Combine that with the fact that they are neophobic, that is scared of new food in their environment, they can be very hard to control.